The production of Ferrari cars started in Y1947 in the Ferrari factory in Maranello. In the beginning the cars were built for racing and in Y1948 streetcars were built to finance the racing activities.
In the early years only a few cars per model were built, but after a decade, with the introduction of the 250 GT Coupe in Y1958, for the first time more than 100 cars of one model left the factory.
Until the end of Y1960 of 86 models 1.249 cars were produced. The 250 GTE 2+2, which was introduced in 1960, was the first ‘high volume’ model of which almost 1.000 cars (954) were sold from Y1960 until the end of Y1963.
In the ‘60s and ‘70s, production number grew steadily. First with the 365 GTB/4 Daytona and the Dino 246 GT/GTS, later with the 308 models. The big hit was the Testarossa, which was introduced in Y1984. In the 7 years of its production, 7.177 cars were produced. The most successful ‘classic’ Ferrari model until Y2000 is the 360 Modena. Until the end of production in Y2004 total 8.800 cars of the coupe version and 7.565 of the cabriolet version (360 Spider) were built and sold all over the world.
Of all models that were introduced from Y1947-2000, more than 105.000 cars were produced. To simplify the analysis the models are divided into several categories:
- Models Y1947-1972. The ‘Chrome Bumper Era’ with the last model: 246 GTS Dino.
- Models Y1972-1989. First model: 365 GT4 2+2, last model: Mondial.
- Models Y1989-2000. The ‘Post Enzo’ era, first model: 348, last model: 360 Modena.
This category consists of 144 models introduced from the beginning in Y1947-1972. In these 25 years the models and the production of the cars have evolved enormously, but the models share some stylish characteristics such as their curves and the chrome bumpers.
In this period production was quite different then today. Models were produced by hand and buyers had a great influence on the looks, features and specifications of their new competition or street Ferrari.
Older models could get factory upgrades with newer and better features and parts, and more powerful engines. In some cases buyers even wanted a unique design and let coachbuilders design and build a special body according to their wishes. For this reason many variations of several models exist. Of some models only one or a few cars car were produced, of other models dozens, or hundreds of cars.
With the introduction of the 365 GTB/4 (1.284 cars) in Y1968, for the first time more than 1.000 cars of a single model were built. In the category of the Enzo Early Models in total 12.975 cars were built.
With the introduction of the 365 GT4 2+2 in Y1972 a new era of Ferrari models started. This model was one of the first results of the capital injection done by new shareholder Fiat S.p.A. in Y1969. Therefor this era is also known as the Fiat era.
The curved lines of the models became straighter and the chrome bumpers were traded for colored and integrated and bigger bumpers. Not only because of modern trends or esthetic reasons, but also because of new government regulations in some countries regarding safety. Production became more standardized and buyers had less influence on the specifications of their cars.
The end of this phase was defined by the death of Enzo Ferrari in Y1998. The last model is the Mondial t, which was introduced in Y1989. Although this evolution of the earlier Mondial was introduced after Enzo’s death, this model can be considered as a true ‘Enzo model’. In 17 years in total 43 models and 45.544 cars were produced.
The last category is the Post Enzo era and started in Y1989 with the 348 tb. This car was the first new model, which was introduced after Enzo’s death in Y1988. The last car of this category is the 360 Modena, which was introduced in Y2000. In total 39 models and 46.746 cars were produced.
Number of cars on the market
In 70 years of history with races all over the world it is difficult to tell what happened to all cars. Archives of enthusiasts, analysts, historians, insurance companies and auction houses become more complete every year, but still there is a lot unclear about many cars. Some cars have been damaged, destroyed or sold to scrapyards, without any registration. The exact number of existing cars is, at least at this moment, impossible to define.
Besides that, Ferrari experts and historians do not all agree about the exact number of Ferrari cars built and about the authenticity of several cars on the market.
In the past several race- and road cars have been reused, renumbered and destroyed. Some of the ‘lost’ cars have reentered the market, sometimes even decades later and sometimes even in multiple versions.
Some cars have been used as donor car for newer versions or more prestigious or more valuable models. Creating replicas became very popular in the late ‘80s when the prices of classic Ferrari cars exploded. Many cars like the 250 GT, 250 GT Lusso and 250 GTE were used to create models such as the 250 GT Tour the France, 250 GT SWB and 250 GT California Spider.
So, of some models cars disappeared, and of other models new cars entered the market. In many cases the ‘replica’ history of the created cars is known, but certainly not in every case. Buyers of classic Ferrari cars should do thorough research to assure the presented history of the car is correct. Many stories about scams and fraud are known and can be found on the Internet. A well known database with Ferrari serial numbers is http://www.barchetta.cc.
In our analyses the ‘best known’ number of 105.265 classic cars on the market is used.